About My Practice

I will want to talk with you, individually or with your significant other, about your life now, your life in the past if you want (some people do not want that), ways you have tried to help yourself already, any previous therapies, and whether you have an urgent need to solve a particular problem and the time frame you prefer. If you want instant results I will need to know that. You might not even know what you want, and come to see me because that in itself feels like a problem. This is where I like us to sit together, on zoom or in person, to see what comes up.  I like to ask questions that might never have been asked before, to know if you have any dreams for your life that you feel are unrealistic, or fears that make you feel foolish. I want us to  unlock details about your life, your marriage or relationship, in a way that leads to hope, creativity and even fun sometimes!  READ MORE

I will listen closely as you speak, noticing not only what you say but how you say it. Sometimes you might tell me something that made you upset but you smile as you tell me. I might ask you about that. Sometimes you might say “I had the craziest dream last night!!  It made absolutely NO sense!” I will listen closely, as Freud thought we disguised our realities in dreams to make them less threatening to the people around us. The more bizarre the imagery the better! Freud also said we disguise events in our dreams to get past our superego or 'censor, the moral part of us that keeps us in line.

I might help you map out the way your personality is constructed, noting certain parts of yourself that you like and are proud of, and parts of you that you feel cause you trouble, or pain, and that you want to get rid of. I will explain that we all have an internal family living inside us, consisting of all sorts of qualities and feelings, and that it’s our job to help you get to know that family, so that your various family of ‘parts’ can live in harmony. You might come to therapy because your internal family feels divided and in constant conflict, and I will enjoy teaching you how to become a peace maker so that the war inside you can end and you can start enjoying yourself more.

You might ask me for specific tools you can use to feel less depressed, or to manage anxiety, or to become more confident at work or home.   I can help you discover ways you might want to experiment with new behaviors or attitudes and I can recommend books you might want to read . I will gladly assign homework between sessions if you promise to actually do it. We can see if doing homework feels helpful and what kind of homework works best. We can keep track of the process and study what effect if has on your life and your relationships with family and friends.

I also  like to use EMDR, which is a technique that might create a dream-like, image-filled narrative about  your problem. EMDR can help you understand how your memories have been stored. We can help you get more insight into a situation with EMDR. Maybe you  feel you are going around in circles about a particular issue in your life (e.g. relationship difficulties, work unhappiness, negative body image ). EMDR can break your problem into parts, and we can see if this frees you. There are no guarantees. Everyone is different. But I have seen EMDR work miracles.

Contact me by calling 917.306.4167 or online

SYMPTOMES OF LEARNED HELPLESSNESS-WHICH CAN BE OVERCOME!! low self esteem, impulsive self- destructive behavior, outburst of rage toward people you love, drinking or drugging excessively, nightmares, feeling spacey,  highly distracted, acting like a robot or even concerns  that you have a ‘split’ personality. If you think you may have been traumatized and you want to develop a more balanced and integrated sense of yourself, Active Understanding can help. At Active Understanding, psychotherapy is designed to help you get clearer about your past and stronger in the present. Through talk therapy, EMDR, understanding your Internal Family System (all the different parts of yourself), and recommending books and other resources on the matter, Active Understanding is a process that can help you become an expert at helping yourself cope with life and realize more of your dreams.

Coping Strategies for dealing with Fear Anxiety and Panic

There are ways to cope with fear, to cope with change, that involve responsible behavior as well as constructive coping strategies. CBT teaches people to recognize when they are catastrophizing and to learn to break their thinking into parts, one thought at a time. This slows the racing fantasies, and protects the immune system from overwhelm. Psychoanalytic ideas can help people move beyond the defense of denial, that can help someone deal with reality in doses, an insight at a time, so they don't go into feelings of overwhelm which undermine the immune system.


I have had so much help over the years from teachers, supervisors, analysts, friends and family.  My father taught me about how complex personality can be and how one person can play a multitude of roles without even realizing it. My mother taught me that I could do almost anything I set my mind to do, and her faith in me was a gift. My undergraduate years in WV and NYC taught me  to find my own way of understanding life, and to expand my horizons. Living in California acquainted me with the U of the Pacific and the use of behavior analysis- which empowered me to take risks in my personal and professional life. At the U of Northern Colorado I loved working with children in play therapy and with adults using psychodynamic, humanistic and group theories. My supervisor at the Northern Westchester Guidance Clinic in Mt Kisco, NY, Christine Masters, supported me as I treated  children and adolescents with abuse histories, individually and in groups, and she also taught me to empathize with their parents.. Then NYC  became my therapy home, and Albert Ellis, Paul Wachtel, Tony Bass, Jack O'Brien, Joyce Whitby, Lois Adler,  Irwin Hirsch and Colette Linnihan-through their writings and their practices-  helped me  to become a more fully alive and integrated human being.

My mission is to promote understanding, acceptance and action-with regard to being the best you can be, growing older with confidence, transforming trauma into strength, and having more fun than fear along the way!

"When individuals reach old age, the aging stereotypes internalized in childhood, and then reinforced for decades, become self stereotypes that contribute to unnecessary and tragic emotional and cognitive decline"

My practice is also devoted to helping people become aware of negative stereotypes about becoming older that then become activated with each approaching birthday. During psychotherapy sessions we work to uncover and replace those negative stereotypes with constructive and exciting (and factual) alternatives.  Like with trauma, there is tremendous stigma in our culture about aging, that involves ignorance and prejudice. This ignorance and prejudice contributes to depression, anxiety, apathy and significant decline in healthy functioning that is absolutely unnecessary and a tremendous loss for our culture as a whole.

“Trauma constantly confronts us with our fragility and with man’s inhumanity to man but also with our extraordinary resilience. I have been able to do this work for so long because it drew me to explore our sources of joy, creativity, meaning, and connection—all the things that make life worth living.”

Finally, my practice is devoted to helping people who feel that they are doing okay, but not great, to learn new ways of understanding, accepting and teaching themselves ‘new tricks’ so that their lives are filled with more fun and more life, more adventures to look forward to, as opposed to merely ‘treading water’ and waiting passively for something better  (like a job, a love affair, winning the lottery) to come along.

"We may have to work harder, take more risks, and even accept failure when we move out of our safe beta hiding place. It has to be worth it for us to change - but the rewards can be great."

My Influences

I am so fortunate to have been taught, supervised and analyzed by the best professionals in both cognitive and behavior therapy, as well as interpersonal and relational psychoanalysis.

Paul Wachtel PhD, in his groundbreaking  book Psychoanalysis and Behavior Therapy (1977;1997) paved the way for myself and an entire generation of therapists to  consider the possibility  of  working ‘integratively’. I am very grateful to him for introducing  such a radical and creative ‘paradigm shift’  in the field of mental health.

The late Martin Gipson, Ph.D. at the University of the Pacific was an amazing mentor in Applied Behavior Analysis and introduced me to Paul Wachtel’s book PSYCHOANALYSIS AND BEHAVIOR THERAPY.

Juan Ramirez, Ph.D. at the University of Northern Colorado, faithfully  supported me during  my doctoral dissertation on aggression in young boys, and my research interests  in feminist behavior therapy.

In New York the late Albert Ellis, Ph.D. gave me my first job and co wrote WHY AM I ALWAYS BROKE: HOW TO BE SANE ABOUT MONEY with me, which to this day is still an excellent resource for people wanting to apply principles of cognitive behavior therapy to their financial lives.

At MANHATTAN INSTITUTE FOR PSYCHOANALYSIS I was very lucky.  Joyce Whitby, LCSW introduced me to the practice of psychoanalysis and was wonderfully supportive  during this fascinating  journey. Lois Adler, PhD was my first analytic supervisor and taught me very honestly about transference and countertransference. Nick Papouchis PhD was an excellent  role model for asking questions with a gentle touch. Jack O'Brien, LCSW, introduced me in an experiential way to the important ideas of Larry Epstein, PhD and Hyman Spotnitz, MD. Tony Bass PhD, editor extraordinaire  of the award winning journal PSYCHOANALYTIC DIALOGUES, introduced me to Relational Psychoanalysis in both theory and in practice. Irwin Hirsch, PhD, one of the founders of Manhattan Institute, through his many writings, as well as intensive  group supervision, has inspired me, especially through  his award winning  book COASTING IN THE COUNTERTRANSFERENCE: CONFLICTS OF SELF INTEREST BETWEEN ANALYST AND PATIENT.

From an intensive trauma related perspective, I want to acknowledge the help I have received from my supervisors and colleagues at the Integrative Trauma Treatment Clinic at the National Institute for the Psychotherapies, (NIP) in New York City. In particular I want to thank Colette Linnihan, LCSW, an accomplished psychoanalyst/psychotherapist and  an expert on attachment  issues, who has provided me with invaluable guidance regarding  the use of EMDR and IFS (Internal Family Systems)  in the treatment of trauma.

I also want to thank Mark Sehl, PhD for his demonstrated expertise in modern psychoanalysis.  His training and supervision group for therapists has taught me a lot.

Thomas Ogden’s (2005) passion for and interest in the process of dreaming resonates with my own. His  belief that the patient “comes into being in the process of dreaming his lived emotional experience” serves as a guiding light for my work as a psychoanalyst. Wilfred Bion (1959) believed that the process of  thinking is emotionally  painful, that change often feels catastrophic, and that, therefore, “it requires two minds to think one’s most disturbing thoughts.”  His theories of how psychoanalysis heals have been extremely helpful.  

Intellectually and emotionally, Louis Cozolino, PhD  has inspired me with his vast knowledge  about aging (THE HEALTHY AGING BRAIN -2008). I have quoted him multiple times throughout this website and I think his ideas about social status and mental health, in his book WHY THERAPY WORKS, 2015,  should be required reading for all therapists.

In terms of research, Becca Levy, PhD has published a number of rigorous and innovative  studies  on the negative effects of prejudice, particularly age stereotyping.  She and her colleagues offer all of us hope that one day becoming older will be, for the most part, a seamless and satisfying journey towards wholeness.

Personally, I want to  thank my family for supporting my interest in psychology, particularly my brother Burt for being such a courageous advocate for knowledge, and my sister Chris for her constant support and faith in me as I wrote my first book, and my sister Nancy for her loving support while we were growing up. More immediately, I thank my friend and colleague Christine Masters, PhD and my nephew John and his wife Bonnie, for being so supportive of my desire to highlight  issues of aging and trauma in this website.

And last but not least, I sincerely  thank  my nephew Christopher Hunter, MFA, a gifted artist and a partner  at 828:design in Asheville NC. for designing  all the beautiful words and images  that you see here.

"Our ability to love and be loved does not diminish with age"

– Jan van de Sande